Cycling the Dutch way: priority rules, fines, and signs

Dutch infrastructure is built for cyclists and consists of a network of clearly marked cycle paths with smooth surfaces. Discover the cycling rules in the Netherlands.

The Dutch infrastructure is built for cyclists and consists of a network of clearly marked cycle paths with smooth surfaces. But what are the cycling rules in the Netherlands? And what are the fines if you don't follow the rules?

Although there are separate signs and traffic lights for those on two wheels and there are almost everywhere cycle paths, there are several rules that cyclists in the Netherlands must abide by. The prejudice that those using pedal power have priority is, for example, not true.

General Dutch cycling rules

The rules of the road in the Netherlands are easy to learn. There are general cycling rules, legal rules for your lights, priority rules, and important road signs for cyclists. Let's start with the general rules. It's wise to read these before you step on your bicycle.

  • If there's a bike lane, always use it.
  • Stay on the right side of the bike lane, and pass other cyclists on the left.
  • If you're passing someone, ring your bell (tring, tring)!
  • Before turning left or right, extend your arm horizontally (left or right) to signal where you'll go.
  • Two cyclists are allowed to bike side by side, no more.
  • Although there are separate traffic lights for cyclists, you have to stop for every red traffic light.
  • You're not allowed to cycle on sidewalks.

Besides official cycling rules, there are a lot of do's and don'ts when you're on a bike. You'll save yourself and others a lot of frustration by reading up on the Dutch road etiquette for cyclists.

Priority rules for cyclists

In the Netherlands, motorized traffic is often alert to cyclists around them. But that does not mean there are no rules regarding priority for cyclists. Quite the contrary.

  • At an equivalent intersection (without signs, shark teeth marks, or traffic lights), you must give way to drivers coming from your right.
  • Trams always have priority.
  • If you turn left or right, you must give way to all straight-through road users (including pedestrians).
  • Priority vehicles with optical and sound signals (such as police, fire departments, and ambulances) always have priority.
  • Pedestrians on a crosswalk have right of way.
  • As a cyclist, when approaching roundabouts, you give way to drivers who are already on the roundabout. On the roundabout itself, you have priority. When leaving the roundabout, signal with your arm to the right.

Important road signs for cyclists

There are a lot of road signs. If you want to get your car license, you need to know them all. Cyclists don't have to follow all the car traffic signs. There are special bicycle traffic signs that cyclists need to follow. These are the most important road signs in the Netherlands for cyclists:

road signs for cyclists
road signs for cyclists
road signs for cyclists
road signs for cyclists
road signs for cyclists

Rules for bicycle lighting

There are legal rules for your bicycle lights. If you don't follow the rules, you could be fined. Before you hit the road, check if everything works. Especially in fall and winter, as it gets dark early in the evening. You need:

  • White or yellow light at the front, and a red light at the back.
  • Lights that shine straight ahead or straight back.
  • Good, visible lights.
  • Non-flashing lights.
  • A red reflector (not a triangle) on the back of your bike.
  • White or yellow reflectors on the wheels or tires of your bike. Spoke reflectors are not allowed!
  • Yellow reflectors on your pedals.

light on bicycle
A fine for having no, or partially non-working, lights on your bicycle is €60.

Do you want to attach lights to your clothing? Then you can only attach them to the upper part of your body. Attaching lights to your head, arms, or legs is forbidden.

Fines for cyclists 

If you don't follow the rules as a cyclist, you can be fined. Bicycle fines are expensive because they ensure the safety of traffic and other road users. We give you a handy overview of the most common cyclist fines that apply from March 1, 2023 (without €9 administrative costs).

  • Holding a cell phone or other communication devices while cycling: €160.
  • Driving under the influence of alcohol: €200.
  • Crossing red traffic lights: €120.
  • Giving no priority: €110 up to €160.
  • Turning without indicating direction: €40.
  • Cycling against the indicated direction: €60.
  • Biking on the bus lane: €60.
  • Overtaking just before or on a crosswalk: €160.
  • Not working bell: €40.
  • Not working brakes: €60.
  • Not working lights: €60.

Hopefully, these rules won't scare you away. Cycling in the Netherlands is a matter of practice, practice, practice. When you get the hang of it, it becomes a natural thing. Trust us! 

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